Before you post, Linux Tutorial

  • omirix
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Post 3+ Months Ago

Before you post about Linux, here is a little tutorial I wrote:

Linux was created from a version of UNIX in 1991. Linux is free, and 99.9% of it's software is free and actively developed. If you are looking for a good Linux for beginners, try Mandrake. Also try Slackware. These are available, free, at http://www.LinuxISO.org.

If you are on dialup, and cannot wait 3 days for a cd, try http://www.LinuxCD.com. They will mail your cd's for $.99 a CD.

Installation: Installing Linux will delete, by default, your Windows partition(thats not so bad) if you do not know how to handle it properly. I suggest installing Linux on an old computer if you have one. Linux can be run "headless" (no monitor attached), and you connect and program through a Telnet or SSH connection. Google for PuTTY, a free Windows SSH client.

Once you have installed Linux from an online manual, and it's up and running, you must configure Network devices. If you have a Ethernet/LAN connection, your gonna do just fine. If you have a PPP(dialup) connection, your basically screwed if it's a newer computer. This is why:

Newer computers aim to be cheaper. One of the ways they took down $50 from the price is by installing a cheaper modem, called a Software Modem. This modem is controlled and used by software, making it run not-too-good with Linux. Older ones (< circa 1997) may work :roll:

Try typing the command:
Code: [ Select ]
ping google.com

At your "prompt", after you login with your username and password (not root!, if you didnt make a user account when you installed, login with your root username (root) and password, and run these commands:
Code: [ Select ]
adduser omirix
passwd omirix
[ follow the prompts ]
  1. adduser omirix
  2. passwd omirix
  3. [ follow the prompts ]

now you can complete the next part.) If the ping google.com command worked, as in you got a Reply 64 bytes, etc, then you have a working network connection. If not, search google or pm me with your Ethernet/PPP card information, including name/version/etc.

So, you setup Linux, have a network connection, what next? You need to know the IP address of your Linux computer(box) if your going to run your box headless(see above). Type ifconfig for that info. Now, from your other computer, run that PuTTY program and punch in the IP address and click ssh. Type in a name, and hit save. Now hit open or double click the name. You will be connected to your Linux "box"(computer), as if you were there. Type in your username and password, and BANG. You are presented with a nice prompt sign.

You want to do something now, eh?! Here are some basic commands:
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ls - list current directory
pwd - print working directory
cd - change directory

vi - text editor
pico - text editor

gcc - C compiler

wget - download a file from internet
  1. ls - list current directory
  2. pwd - print working directory
  3. cd - change directory
  4. vi - text editor
  5. pico - text editor
  6. gcc - C compiler
  7. wget - download a file from internet

There are hundreds of thousands of other programs, available at http://www.sf.net and http://www.google.com. Some other commands you may want to run are:
Code: [ Select ]
nmap 127.0.0.1 - shows open ports
ifconfig - shows your ip address
  1. nmap 127.0.0.1 - shows open ports
  2. ifconfig - shows your ip address

There are many other tutorials on Linux. Try http://ComputerBooks.Web.com or http://www.google.com

That was Part 1, Part 2 coming soon!

-Omirix

If you need help, PM me
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Post 3+ Months Ago

  • omirix
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Post 3+ Months Ago

Hope you like it, by the way :]

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